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Kashgar is a giant oasis and key city on the Silk Road. located between 73 20' - 70 57' east longitude and 35 20' - 40 18' north latitude. Kashgar has a history of more than 2000 years; belonged to the Zhuangpu prefectural General's Office of the HunIn in Han dynasty; there after, submitted to the authorities of the Western Han dynasty after the trading links with Han formed by Zhang Qian - the special envoy to the Western Region sent by Emperor Wudi; one of the four important towns in Anxi during Tang dyansty; later becoming the seat of government of the Kashgar Councillor in Qing dynasty. The lush green open valley of Kashgar with tall poplars is famous for cultivation of fruits, vegetables, grains, cotton and livestock, and rich in strong national characteristics of the Uygur people.

Tourist Highlights

Idigar Mosque
Located in the center of the city, the Idigar Mosque has a history of more than 500 years . This grand Islamic structure is a stark contrast to the many Chinese-style mosques in Xi'an.It is grand Islamic style reflects the traditional artistic characteristics of the Uygur people. This yellow-and-white structure has a central dome and flanking minarets, which usually associated with mosques in Pakistan or Afghanistan.
Being one of the largest in china, it attracts more than 10,000 worshipers for prayers on a Friday afternoon. The different buildings consist of Hall of Prayer, Doctrine-Teaching Hall, a gate tower, a pond and some auxiliary rooms.

Abakh Khoja Tomb
Five kilometers (3.1 miles) northeast of Kashgar, an ancient Islamic building nestles among poplar trees. With glazed tiles shining in the sun, its tower points to the azure sky. A masterpiece of Uigur architecture, 17th Century family cemetery of the Kashgar area Islamic leader. Built from 1640, the tomb covers an area of about five acres. Just inside the gate is a large rectangular courtyard made up of a gate tower, worship walls, Doctrine-Teaching Hall, and tomb chamber. Abakh Khoja Tomb is admired as a well-preserved Islamic architectural complex not only in Xinjiang, but throughout Central Asia.

Sunday Bazaar
"I think everyone should see the Sunday Market in Kashi (Kashgar) at least once. I arrived there in the early morning while it was still dark. More and more horses, donkeys and sheep gradually entered the market, followed by farmers and herdsmen selling carriages, furniture and fruits. The growing procession and rising noise and excitement stirred something within me."
In the old districts of Kashgar, many streets have "bazaar" as part of their names. Although most of the bazaars have ceased to exist except in name, there are still some that are still in use. From the names of these streets people can imagine the past glory of this ancient trading city on the Old Silk Road.
Today's Kashgar has preserved the old traditions. On the streets one can find markets selling various commodities, such as vegetables, fruits, food, garments, tools and handicrafts.

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